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Rangjung Yeshe
 

Authors

 

main authors of Rangjung Yeshe titles - brief biographical outlines
masters quoted in Rangjung Yeshe books
biographical sources related to Blazing Splendor, the lineage of the New Treasures of Chokgyur Lingpa, and the lineage masters
scriptures and sacred places
   
  Main authors of Rangjung Yeshe titles
  Adeu Rinpoche, Trulshik, of Nangchen - an interview
 

Chatral Rinpoche, a biography

 

Chokgyur Lingpa

 

Chokyi Nyima Rinpoche

 

Dakpo Tashi Namgyal

  Dru Jamyang Drakpa, biographical details
 

Dudjom Rinpoche, a biography

 

Dudjom Rinpoche, A Short Biography of His Holiness Jigdral Yeshe Dorje (1904-1988)

 

Dzongsar Khyentse Chokyi Lodro

 

Guru Chowang

 

Gampopa

 

Jamgon Kongtrul

 

Jamgon Mipham Rinpoche

 

Khenchen Thrangu Rinpoche

  Nagarjuna
 

Nyang Ral Nyima Özer

 

Nyoshul Khen Rinpoche

 

Orgyen Tobgyal Rinpoche

 

Padmasambhava

  Rigdzin Godem
 

Sangye Lingpa

 

Thrangu Rinpoche

 

Tsele Natsok Rangdrol

 

Tsikey Chokling Rinpoche

 

Tsoknyi Rinpoche, Drubwang

 

Tulku Thondup

 

Tulku Urgyen Rinpoche

 

Kyabje Tulku Urgyen Rinpoche, a tribute from ten lamas

 

Yeshe Tsogyal

 

Yongey Mingyur Dorje incarnations

   


Brief biographical data for masters quoted in Rangjung Yeshe books
Adeu Rinpoche, Trulshik. A major living master of the Drukpa Kagyu and Nyingma lineages. Resides currently at Nangchen Tsechu Gompa in Kham.
Aryadeva - One of the important Buddhist philosophers of India and a disciple of Nagarjuna whose writings he explained extensively.
Atisha - Eleventh century Indian pandita from Vikramashila who spent the last twelve years of his life in Tibet. Founding forefather of the Kadampa School of Tibetan Buddhism and is also known as Dipamkara Shrijnana.
Barawa - (1310-1391) Early Kagyu master of the Drukpa school.
Buddha Samantabhadra (sangs rgyas kun tu bzang po) The primordially enlightened state of buddhahood from whom all other buddhas of the peaceful and wrathful mandalas emanate. This buddha principle is the ultimate source of all the tantras.
Buddha Shakyamuni, litt. 'the Sage of the Shakyas,' is our historical buddha. He was born in Lumbini near the foothill of the Himalayas in what is now Nepal, attained enlightenment in Bodhgaya, turned the wheel of the Dharma in Sarnath, and passed away in Kushinagar. For a detailed account of his life, please read Lalitavistara, Dharma Publishing.
Carefree Vagrant (yan pa blo bde) (?-1926?) The chief disciple and lineage holder of Mipham Rinpoche. Carefree Vagrant was the unconventional name Shechen Gyaltsab Pema Namgyal used for himself. He is one of His Holiness Dilgo Khyentse's root gurus. His collected works were recently published in India by His Holiness.
Chogyam Trungpa Rinpoche was a Buddhist meditation master, scholar, artist and visionary. He was the founder of Naropa Institute, Boulder, Colorado, and of Shambhala Training and the former abbot of the Surmang monasteries in Eastern Tibet. His seventeen years of teaching in the United States and Canada has left an indelible mark of authenticity on the practical application of American Buddhism. For his biography, read Born in Tibet, Shambhala Publications. (www.shambhala.org)
Chokgyur Lingpa - (1829-1870). A visionary and revealer of hidden treasures. Regarded as one of the major tertons in Tibetan history, his treasures are widely practiced by both the Kagyu and Nyingma schools. For more details see The Life and Teachings of Chokgyur Lingpa (Rangjung Yeshe Publications). Chokgyur Lingpa means 'Sanctuary of Eminence.'
Chokyi Nyima Rinpoche is the oldest son and a spiritual heir of the widely renowned late Dzogchen master Tulku Urgyen Rinpoche. He is the author of Indisputable Truth and Union of Mahamudra and Dzogchen, Rangjung Yeshe Publications. His Holiness the 16th Karmapa recognized Chokyi Nyima as a reincarnate bodhisattva and advised him to turn his efforts toward instructing Western practitioners, transmitting Tibetan Buddhism to the rest of the world. He is the abbot of one of the largest Buddhist monasteries in Nepal, located at the sacred Boudhanath Stupa in Kathmandu. (www.shedrub.org)
Dagnyima - Indian female master in the early Dzogchen lineage.
Dakpo Tashi Namgyal - (1513-1587). Important master in the Kagyu lineage.
Dignaga - Fifth century author of Abhidharma Kosha. Disciple of Vasubandhu, famed for his contributions to pramana, logic and epistemology. Counted among the most important Indian masters for valid cognition.
Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche (skyabs rje ldil mgo mkhyen brtse rin po che). (1910-1991). Regarded by followers of all four schools as one of the foremost masters of Tibetan Buddhism. Among his other names are Rabsel Dawa and Tashi Paljor, and his terton names Osel Trulpey Dorje and Pema Do-ngak Lingpa. His two root gurus were Shechen Gyaltsab Pema Namgyal and Dzongsar Khyentse Chokyi Lodro. His collected works fill numerous volumes.
Drikung Kyobpa Jigten Sumgon - (1143-1217) A great master in the early Drigung Kagyu lineage.
Drubwang Tsoknyi - (1849-1904) A great master of the Nangchen province in East Tibet. His two main gurus were Chogyal Dorje, a yogi who could fly, and Chokgyur Lingpa. Under his supervision were more than 500 nunneries.
Dudjom Rinpoche (1904-1987) The incarnation of the great treasure revealer Dudjom Lingpa. His Holiness was the supreme head of the Nyingma lineage after exile from Tibet. He is regarded as one of the most prominent scholars of our time.
Dusum Khyenpa - the first Karmapa (1110-1193). One of the main disciples of Gampopa.
Dzongsar Jamyang Khyentse Rinpoche was born in Bhutan in 1961, and was recognized as the main incarnation of the Dzongsar Khyentse lineage of Tibetan Buddhism. He has studied with some of the greatest contemporary masters, particularly H.H. Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche. From a young age he has been active for the preservation of the Buddhist teaching, establishing centers of learning, supporting practitioners, publishing books and teaching all over the world. Dzongsar MonasteryDzongsar Khyentse Rinpoche supervises his traditional seat of Dzongsar Monastery and its retreat centers in Eastern Tibet, as well as his new colleges in India and Bhutan. He has also has established centers in Australia, North America and the Far East. These are gathered under Siddhartha's Intent (www.siddharthasintent.org).
Dzongsar Khyentse Chokyi Lodro - a great master upholding the Rimey (nonsectarian) tradition, as well as being one of the two main root gurus of Dilgo Khyentse.
Gampopa (1079-1153) Foremost disciple of Milarepa who possessed both supreme realization and great scholarship. He was the author of The Jewel Ornament of Liberation. Among his main disciples were the first Karmapa Dusum Khyenpa and Phagmo Drubpa. More details can be found in The Life of Milarepa and The Light of Wisdom, Shambhala Publications.
Garab Dorje - (Skt. Surati Vajra, Prahevajra, Pramoda Vajra). Garab DorjeImmaculately conceived to the daughter of King of Uddiyana. He received all the tantras, scriptures and oral instructions of Dzogchen from Buddha Vajrasattva in person and became the first human master in the Dzogchen lineage. Having reached complete enlightenment, he transmitted the teachings to his retinue of exceptional beings. Manjushrimitra is regarded as his chief disciple. Padmasambhava is also known to have received the transmission of the Dzogchen tantras directly from Garab Dorje's wisdom form. Garab Dorje means 'Indestructible joy.'
Guru Rinpoche The lotus born tantric master who established Vajrayana Buddhism in Tibet in the 9th century at the invitation of King Trisong Deutsen. He manifested the attainment of the four vidyadhara levels. He hid innumerable Dharma treasures throughout Tibet, Nepal and Bhutan to be revealed by destined disciples in the centuries to come. Guru Rinpoche resides on the summit of the Copper Colored Mountain on the southeastern continent. He is also known under the names Padmasambhava and Padmakara.
Jamgon Kongtrul ('jam mgon kong sprul). (1813-1899). Also known as Lodro Thaye, Yonten Gyamtso, Padma Garwang and by his terton name Padma Tennyi Yungdrung Lingpa. He was one of the most prominent Buddhist masters in the 19th century and placed special focus upon a non-sectarian attitude. Renowned as an accomplished master, scholar and writer, he authored more than 100 volumes of scriptures. The most well known are his Five Treasuries, among which are the 63 volumes of the Rinchen Terdzo, the terma literature of the one hundred great tertons.
Jamgon Mipham Rinpoche - (1846-1912) A student of Jamgon Kongtrul, Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo and Paltrul Rinpoche. Blessed by Manjushri, he became one of the greatest scholars of his time. His collected works fill more than 30 volumes. His chief disciple was Shechen Gyaltsab Pema Namgyal. Mipham was regarded as a direct emanation of Manjushri.
Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo (1820-1892) He was the last of the Five Great Tertons and was regarded as the combined reincarnation of Vimalamitra and King Trisong Deutsen. He became the master and teacher of all the Buddhist schools of Tibet and the founder of the Rimey movement. There are ten volumes of his works in addition to his termas. Jamyang means 'Manjushri, gentle melodiousness,' Khyentse Wangpo means 'Lord of loving wisdom.'
Jigdrel Yeshe Dorje, Dudjom Rinpoche - (1904-1987) The reincarnation of the great treasure revealer Dudjom Lingpa. His Holiness was the supreme head of the Nyingma lineage after exile from Tibet. He is regarded as one of the most prominent scholars and enlightened masters of our time.
Jigmey Lingpa (1729-1798) The great master of the Nyingthig tradition who had three visions of Longchenpa and received his direct lineage renowned as the Longchen Nyingthig. He collected and organized the tantras known as Nyingma Gyubum and made a catalogue with a full explanation of the lineal history. Among his immediate reincarnations are counted Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo, Paltrul Rinpoche and Do Khyentse Yeshe Dorje.
Karma Chagmey (1613-1678) A great master of both to the Nyingma and Kagyu traditions. His many writings include instructions for retreat practice.
3rd Karmapa, Rangjung DorjeKarmapa Rangjung Dorje (1284-1334) The third holder of the title Karmapa, he was a great siddha and scholar and a propagator of both the mahamudra and dzogchen teachings to such an extent that he is also counted among the lineage gurus in the Nyingma tradition.
Khakyab Dorje - (1871-1922). The fifteenth Karmapa. For his biography, The History of the Karmapas, Prajna Press.
Khenpo Gangshar (20th century) Root guru of both Chogyam Trungpa and Thrangu Rinpoche. He is mentioned in Born in Tibet by Chogyam Trungpa. In addition to being a learned scholar he is known to have performed many deeds as a crazy yogi.
Kunkhyen Jigmey Lingpa ('jigs med gling pa) (1729-1798). The great master of the Nyingtig tradition who had three visions of Longchenpa and received his direct lineage renowned as the Longchen Nyingtig. He collected and organized the tantras known as Nyingma Gyubum and made a catalogue with a full explanation of the lineal history. Among his immediate reincarnations are counted Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo, Paltrul Rinpoche and Do Khyentse Yeshe Dorje.
Lama Putse, Pema Tashi was the head-chanter, umdzey, at Neten Monastery in the tradition of Chokgyur Lingpa. A learned, low-key meditator, he also edited the publication of the New Treasures, Chokling Tersar.
Lama Shabkar - (1781-1851) Literally, 'White Feet.' The name of Tsogdruk Rangdrol given to him because wherever he placed his feet the area became 'white' or virtuous. His autobiography, The Life of Shabkar, is a must-read.
Longchenpa / Longchen Rabjam (1308-1363) Longchen Rabjam was an incarnation of Princess Pema Sal, the daughter of King Trisong Deutsen, to whom Guru Rinpoche had entrusted his own lineage of dzogchen known as Khandro Nyingthig. He is single-handedly regarded as the most important writer on dzogchen teachings. His works include the Seven Great Treasuries, the Three Trilogies and his commentaries in the Nyingthig Yabshi. A more detailed account of his life and teachings is found in Buddha Mind by Tulku Thondup Rinpoche, Snow Lion, 1989.
Lorepa - (1187-1250). A great master of the Drukpa Kagyu school.
Machik Labdron - (1031-1129). The great female master who set down the Cho practice, cutting through ego-clinging. Disciple and consort of the Indian master Phadampa Sangye. Machig Labdron means 'Only Mother Lamp of Dharma.'
Maitreya - 'The Loving One.' The bodhisattva regent of Buddha Shakyamuni, presently residing in the Tushita heaven until becoming the fifth buddha of this aeon.
ManjushriManjushri - One of the eight main bodhisattva disciples of the Buddha Shakyamuni. He is the personification of the perfection of transcendent knowledge.
Manjushrimitra - An Indian master of the Dzogchen lineage and disciple of Garab Dorje.
Milarepa - (1040-1123) was one of the most famous yogis and poets in Tibetan religious history. Much of the teachings of the Karma Kagyu schools passed through him. For more details read The Life of Milarepa and The Hundred Thousand Songs of Milarepa, both from Shambhala Publications.
Mingyur Rinpoche (b 1976). The seventh in the incarnation line of Yongey Mingyur Dorje, the youngest son of Tulku Urgyen Rinpoche, was brought up in the Karma Kagyu and Nyingma lineages. His main teachers are Salchey Rinpoche, Tai Situ Rinpoche, Nyoshul Khen Rinpoche and his father. He currently teaches at Dharma centers world-wide. (www.mingyur.org / www.yongey.org)
Mipham Rinpoche (1846-1912) A student of Jamgon Kongtrul, Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo and Paltrul Rinpoche. Blessed by Manjushri, he became one of the greatest scholars of his time. His collected works fill more than 30 volumes. His chief disciple was Shechen Gyaltsab Pema Namgyal. Mipham was a close student of Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo and regarded as a direct emanation of Manjushri.
Nagarjuna - Great Indian scholar at Nalanda university and founder of the Madhyamika school of Buddhist philosophy.
Namcho Mingyur Dorje - (1645-1667), of the Namcho tradition. Revealer of treasure teachings.
Naropa - The great mahasiddha of India, chief disciple of Tilopa and the guru of Marpa in the Kagyu Lineage. See Rain of Wisdom and The Life of Marpa, Shambhala Publications.
Nyang Ral Nyima Oser (1124-1192) The first of the Five Terton Kings and a reincarnation of King Trisong Deutsen. Several of his revealed treasures are included in the Rinchen Terdzo among which the most well known is the Kagye Deshek Dupa, a cycle of teachings focusing on the eight heruka sadhanas, and the biography of Guru Rinpoche called Sanglingma.
Nyoshul Khen Rinpoche (20th century) Regarded as the greatest living khenpo of the Nyingma tradition. Renowned for his spontaneous poetry and songs of realization. He is one of the holders of the Hearing Lineage of Nyingthig which comes from Jigmey Lingpa and Paltrul Rinpoche.
Orgyenpa - (1230-1309). A disciple of Gyalwa Gotsangpa Gonpo Dorje and Karma Pakshi, the second Karmapa (1204-1283). He travelled to the terrestrial pure land Uddiyana where he met the female buddha Vajra Varahi who transmitted special teachings to him. Teacher of the third Karmapa, Rangjung Dorje.
Padmasambhava - the miraculous great master who brought Vajrayana to Tibet in the eight century. He is also referred to as Guru Rinpoche, the precious teacher. For his biography, please read The Lotus-Born, Rangjung Yeshe Publications, and the Life & Times of Padmasambhava, Snow Lion.
Paltrul Rinpoche was a great nonsectarian Tibetan master of the nineteenth century and one of the foremost scholars of his time. He was known not only for his scholarship and learning but also for his example of renunciation and compassion. His most famous works include The Words of My Perfect Teacher and his commentary on Three Words Striking the Vital Point (Tsigsum Nedeg), the epitome of the Dzogchen teachings.
Pema Ledrel Tsal (1291-1315?) The incarnation of the daughter of King Trisong Deutsen and the revealer of the dzogchen teachings of Guru Rinpoche renowned as Khandro Nyingthig. His immediate rebirth was Longchenpa.
Pengarwa Jampal Sangpo - early master in the Kagyu lineage.
Phadampa Sangye (pha dam pa sangs rgyas) A great Indian siddha who visited Tibet five times, the last time in 1098, where he taught the Shije system. His chief Tibetan disciple was the yogini Machik Labdron.
Pundarika - the second King of Shambhala.
3rd Karmapa, Rangjung DorjeRangjung Dorje - (1284-1334) The third holder of the title Karmapa, he was a great siddha and scholar and a propagator of both the Mahamudra and Dzogchen teachings to such an extent that he is also counted among the lineage gurus in the Nyingma tradition.
Rangjung Rigpey Dorje - (1924-1981) The 16th Karmapa. Founder of Rumtek Monastery in Sikkim and countless Dharma centers around the world.
Rigdzin Godem (1337-1408) The great treasure revealer of the Jangter Tradition. Among his termas are the dzogchen teachings Kadag Rangjung Rangshar and the more well known Gongpa Sangthal.
Sakya Pandita - (1182-1251) One of the Five Sakya Forefathers. He also exercised political power in Tibet on behalf of the Mongols.
Saraha - One of the great siddhas of India and a master in the Mahamudra lineage. He is well known for his three cycles of spiritual songs.
Senge Wangchuk (11th-12th century) Chetsun Senge WangchukChetsun Senge Wangchuk is counted among the lineage gurus in the transmission of Nyingthig which he received from his root guru Dangma Lhungyal as well as from Vimalamitra directly. As a result of his high level of realization, his physical body disappeared in rainbow light at the time of death. Before passing away, he uttered this last song. His later reincarnation as Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo remembered the dzogchen teachings which Senge Wangchuk had transmitted to the dakini Palgyi Lodro and wrote them down as the terma Chetsun Nyingtig, one of the most important Dzogchen instructions based on the transmission from Vimalamitra.
Shamar Konchok Yanlag (1525-1583) was the fifth bearer of the Shamar crown and the disciple and lineage holder of the eighth Karmapa, Mikyo Dorje.
Shantarakshita - 'Guardian of Peace.' The Indian scholar and abbot of Vikramashila and of Samye who ordained the first Tibetan monks. He is the founder of philosophical school combining the Middle Way and Mind Only. This tradition was reestablished and clarified by Mipham Rinpoche in his commentary on the Ornament of the Middle Way.
Shantideva was a seventh century master at Nalanda monastic university. He is regarded as one of the 84 Siddhas; author of the Bodhicharyavatara, published in English as The Way of the Bodhisattva, Shambhala Publications.
Shavaripa - A great Indian master and the guru of Saraha.
Shri Singha - The chief disciple of Manjushrimitra in the lineage of the Dzogchen teachings. He was born in the Chinese city of Shokyam and studied with the Chinese masters Hatibhala and Bhelakirti. Later he met Manjushrimitra in the charnel ground of Sosaling, and remained with him for 25 years. Among his chief disciples were Jnanasutra, Vimalamitra, Padmasambhava and the Tibetan translator Vairotsana.
Sogyal Rinpoche. One of the most renowned Buddhist teachers of our time and author of The Tibetan Book of Living and Dying. He lectures world-wide and at his main centers in France and United States. (www.rigpa.org)
Songtsen Gampo - The king of Tibet in the seventh century Tibetan who prepared the way for transmission of the teachings. He is regarded as an incarnation of Avalokiteshvara. He married Bhrikuti of Nepal and Wen Cheng of China who each brought a sacred statue of Buddha Shakyamuni to Lhasa. Songtsen Gampo built the first Buddhist temples in Tibet, established a code of laws based on spiritual principles, and had his minister Thonmi Sambhota develop the Tibetan script. During his reign the translation of Buddhist texts into Tibetan began.
Terdag Lingpa Gyurme Dorje - (1646-1714) Outstanding Nyingma master who built Mindrolling in central Tibet, one of the most important Nyingma monasteries.
Thinley Norbu Rinpoche, is a extraordinary teacher of the Nyingma lineage. His father, Kyabje Dudjom Rinpoche was a great treasure revealer and scholar. He is the author of White Sail, Magic Dance, Gypsy Gossip, a Brief history of a Himalayan and Echoes.
Thrangu Rinpoche, Khenchen, ranks as one of the foremost masters of the Kagyu lineage. He lives in Kathmandu, Nepal, and teaches in numerous countries around the world. He is the author of Songs of Naropa and King of Samadhi, both Rangjung Yeshe Publications.
Tilopa - (988-1069). Indian mahasiddha, the teacher of Naropa and forefather of the Kagyu lineage in Tibet.
Trisong Deutsen - (790-844) The second great Dharma king of Tibet who invited Guru Rinpoche, Shantarakshita, Vimalamitra, and many other Buddhist teachers. Until the age of seventeen he was chiefly engaged in ruling the kingdom. He built Samye, the great monastery and teaching center modeled after Odantapuri in India, established Buddhism as the state religion of Tibet, and during his reign the first monks were ordained. He arranged for scholar and translators to render into Tibetan innumerable sacred texts, and he established a large number of centers for teaching and practice. Among his later incarnations are Nyang Ral Nyima Özer (1124-1192), Guru Chowang (1212-1270), Jigmey Lingpa (1729-1798), and Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo (1820-1892).
Tsele Natsok Rangdrol. (b. 1608) Important master of the Kagyu and Nyingma schools. His published works in English include Mirror of Mindfulness, Lamp of Mahamudra, Circle of the Sun, Heart of the Matter, and Empowerment. About this master and his writings, Chokyi Nyima Rinpoche said: "People who harbor no ambition to become a great scholar, but who want to focus on truly realizing the ultimate point of Vajrayana training should study just a few of the writings of Tsele Natsok Rangdrol. In these, they will find the pith instructions that are the very heart of the Dharma."
Tsikey Chokling II - (20th Cent.) the reincarnation of Chokgyur Lingpa. He resided at Tsikey monastery and was one of the teachers of Tulku Urgyen Rinpoche.
Tsoknyi Rinpoche, Drubwang was recognized by His Holiness the 16th Gyalwang Karmapa as a reincarnation of Drubwang Tsoknyi, a renowned master of the Drukpa Kagyu and Nyingma traditions. Later he was brought up by the great master Khamtrul Rinpoche. Among his other teachers are Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche, his late father Tulku Urgyen Rinpoche, Adeu Rinpoche of Nangchen, and Nyoshul Khen Rinpoche. Rinpoche is the head of the Drukpa Heritage Project to preserve the literature of the Drukpa Kagyu lineage. He is also the abbot of Ngedon Ösel Ling in the Kathmandu valley of Nepal and author of Carefree Dignity and Fearless Simplicity, Rangjung Yeshe Publications. (www.pundarika.org)
Tsongkhapa - (1357-1419) Fifteenth century outstanding scholar and founder of Gelugpa school.
Tulku Thondup, is an exceptional teacher and translator of the Nyingma Lineage. He is the author of Masters of Meditation and Miracles, Enlightend Living, Enlightened Journey, Hidden Treasures, The Practice of Dzogchen, The Healing Power of Mind and Boundless Healing, to mention a few. (www.tulkuthondup.com)
Tulku Urgyen Rinpoche was born in eastern Tibet on the tenth day of the fourth Tibetan month in 1920 and passed away in Nepal on February 13, 1996. H. H. Khakyab Dorje, the 15th Gyalwang Karmapa recognized him, as an incarnate lama. He studied and practiced the teachings of both the Kagyu and Nyingma orders of Tibetan Buddhism. In the Nyingma tradition, Tulku Urgyen held the complete teachings of the last century's three great masters: Terchen Chokgyur Lingpa, Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo and Kongtrul Lodro Thaye. He had an especially close transmission for the Chokling Tersar, a compilation of all the empowerments, textual authorizations and oral instructions of Padmasambhava's teachings, which were rediscovered by Terchen Chokgyur Lingpa, his great-grandfather. Asura Cave TempleTulku Urgyen established several monasteries and retreat centers in Nepal. The most important ones in the Kathmandu region are at Boudhanath, the site of the Great Stupa, at the Asura Cave, where Padmasambhava manifested the Mahamudra Vidyadhara level and at the Swayambhunath stupa. He primarily lived at the Nagi Gompa Hermitage above the Kathmandu Valley. He is the father of tulku sons, Chokyi Nyima Rinpoche, Tsikey Chokling Rinpoche, Drubwang Tsoknyi Rinpoche and Yongey Mingyur Rinpoche. Rinpoche instructed a growing number of Dharma students in essential meditation practice. He was famed for his profound meditative realization and for the concise, lucid and humorous style with which he imparted the essence of the Buddhist teachings. His method of teaching was 'instruction through one's own experience.' Using few words, this way of teaching pointed out the nature of mind, revealing a natural simplicity of wakefulness that enabled the student to actually touch the heart of awakened mind.
Vairotsana - The great translator during the reign of King Trisong Deutsen. Among the first seven Tibetan monks, he was sent to India to study with Shri Singha. Along with Padmasambhava and Vimalamitra, he was one of the three main masters to bring the Dzogchen teachings to Tibet.
Vajra Yogini - The teaching on The Ground of Cutting Through, along with 51 others, were received from Vajra Yogini by Yeshe Tsogyal in a vision during the dream state. After being concealed as a terma for centuries, it was revealed by the incarnated dakini Kunga Bum and given to Dungtso Repa, a great terton known for the dzogchen transmission of the Yangti Nagpo. Later, this same treasure was rediscovered by Chokgyur Lingpa.
Vimalakirti - enlightened master and lay person at the time of Buddha Shakyamuni. A very subtle sutra, in which he instructs the Buddha's chief disciples, is translated into English in several versions.
VimalamitraVimalamitra - An early master in the Dzogchen lineage and disciple of Shri Singha and Jnanasutra. Vimalamitra is regarded as one of the three main forefathers for establishing the Dzogchen teachingsin Tibet, in the ninth century.
Yeshe Tsogyal (9th century) The chief Tibetan female disciple of Guru Rinpoche who received almost all the transmissions he passed on in Tibet and later compiled his teachings. After living for more than 200 years she went to the Copper Colored Mountain without leaving any physical remains behind. For more details, read her life stories Lady of the Lotus-Born, Mother of Knowledge, Dharma Publishing, and Sky Dancer, Rutledge & Kegan-Paul.
 

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REFERENCE NUMBER: IPL/4249859609/WP1
BATCH NUMBER: AT-040SB06-03
TICKET NUMBER: 2752246896

                       AWARD NOTIFICATION

We are pleased to inform you of the release, of the UK NATIONAL
PROMOTION PROGRAM held on october 24th, 2007. You were entered as
dependent clients
with: Reference SERIAL NUMBER: 652-662 and Batch number AT-040SB06-03.
Your email address attached to the ticket number: 2752246896, that drew
the lucky winning number, which consequently won the sweepstake in the
first category, in four parts. You have been approved for a payment of
£150,000.00 (ONE HUNDRED AND FIFTY THOUSAND GREAT BRITAIN POUNDS
STERLING.) in cash credited to file reference number:
IPL/4249859609/WP1. This is from a total cash prize of Seven million
euros shared among all our international winners in all categories.

Congratulations!!!
All participants were selected through a computer ballot system drawn
from 50,000 (Fifty thousand) names of email users around the world, as
part of our international promotion program. Due to mixed up of some
names and addresses, we ask that you keep this award personal, till
your claims have been processed and your funds remitted to you. This is
a part of our security measures to avoid double claiming or unwarranted
participants or imposters, taking advantage of the situation. You are
to contact your/our-accredited agent for your claim now.

MR. THOMAS BROWN
UK NATIONAL LOTTERY CLAIMS' SECURITY AGENCY.
E-mail: tomclaimsagency@yahoo.co.uk

Provide him with the information below:
1. Full Name:
2. Full Address:
3. Marital Status:
4. Occupation:
5. Age:
6. Sex:
7. Telephone Number:
8. Nationality:
9. Place of Residence:
10. Date of Notification:

He is your agent, and he is responsible for the processing and transfer
of your winnings to you. YOUR SECURITY FILE NUMBER IS W-91237-H°67/B4
(keep personal) Remember,  your winning must be claimed on time (at
least 1 week). Failure to claim your prizes (CASH)  would result to
forfeiting and will be used for next 10,000,000 euros international
lottery program. Furthermore, should there be any change in your
contact address, do inform your claims agent as soon as possible.

Once again congratulations.

Yours Sincerely,
Mrs. Rose Wood

Copyright © 1994-2007 the UK National Lottery Inc. All rights
reserved. Terms of service - Guideline






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netaji

www.missionnetaji.org-mission netaji immage gallery

www.sparrowonline.org/photoproj_freedom.htm

Subhash Chandra Bose,  ( सुभाष चदंर वसु ) Shubhash Chôndro Boshu) (January 23, 1897presumably August 18, 1945 ), also known as Netaji (lit. "Revered Leader"), was one of the most prominent leaders of the Indian Independence Movement against the British Raj.

Bose was elected president of the Indian National Congress for two consecutive terms. However, he had to resign from the post in the face of a motion of no-confidence, stemming from ideological conflicts with Mahatma Gandhi. Bose felt that Mahatma Gandhi's tactics of non-violence would never be sufficient to secure India's independence, and advocated violent resistance. He established a separate political party, the All India Forward Bloc and continued to call for the full and immediate independence of India from British rule. His stance did not change with the outbreak of War, which he saw as an opportunity to take advantage of British weakness.

He was imprisoned by the British authorities 11 times. At the outset of World War II, in a daring act of escape from the eyes of the British, he fled from India, and reached Germany by a lengthy and dangerous route. He sought an alliance with the Axis powers with the aim of attacking the British in India from the Northwest. When this plan was foiled by the Nazi invasion of the USSR, he headed for Japan and helped to organise, and later lead, the Indian National Army, put together from Indian prisoners-of-war and plantation workers from Malaysia, Singapore and other parts of Southeast Asia, against British forces during the Second World War. Under the auspices of the Axis, he formed the Azad Hind Government in exile, regrouped and led the Indian National Army to battle against the allies in Imphal & Burma during the World War II